The 20th anniversary of September 11, the greatest terrorist attack in American history, marked the end of the war that the United States started in Afghanistan under the name of the fight against terrorism, the withdrawal of its troops and the Taliban control over the country. After 20 years of occupation, the United States has ended its longest war in Afghanistan, which has claimed tens of thousands of lives and cost billions of dollars. For the first time in its 20th year, the terrorist attacks of September 11 will be commemorated “without war” this year.
HOW THE WAR IN AFGHANISTAN BEGINS
The war that then US President George W. Bush started with the attempt to fight terrorism and bring democracy to Afghanistan after the September 11, 2001 attacks ended with the withdrawal by the Biden administration of the last American soldier in Afghanistan on August 31, 2021.. At the time, when the Taliban refused the United States, which requested the extradition of al-Qaida leader Osama bin Laden, Bush invaded Afghanistan on October 7, 2001 and overthrew the Taliban regime, and Hamid Karzai, closer to the West, came to power.
OPERATION ON BEN LADIN
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Barack Obama, who came to the American presidency after Bush, withdrew some of the American troops from Afghanistan and Iraq. Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden was also captured during Obama’s first term as President. Obama announced to the world that on May 1, 2011, during the first term of his presidency, Bin Laden was killed in the house where he was hiding in Pakistan.
SADDAM HUSSEIN WAS EXECUTED
After the invasion of Afghanistan, the Middle East was embroiled in further instability and turmoil when the Bush administration invaded Iraq on March 20, 2003 on the grounds that it possessed chemical weapons, a overthrew Saddam Hussein and executed him. Although the chemical weapons mentioned were never found in Iraq, this place has become one of the most problematic countries in the Middle East after the American occupation. New terrorist organizations such as DAESH have also emerged.
WHAT HAPPENED BY THE MINUTE TODAY
07.59 – Flight 11, a Boeing 767 with 81 passengers and 11 crew members, took off from Logan Airport in Boston for Los Angeles (LA). In the cabin were the Egyptian Mohamed Atta, the leader of the hijackers, and his crew, Abdulaziz al Omari, Waleed al Shehri, Wail al Shehri and Satam al Suqami.
08.14 – A Boeing 767-type plane with 56 passengers and 9 crew, Flight 175, took off from Logan on its way to LA. On the plane were the leader of the hijackers, Marwan al Shehhi, originally from the United Arab Emirates, and Fayez Banihammad, Hamza al Ghamdi, Ahmed al Ghamdi and Mohand al Shehri.
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08.14 – While the other two planes had not yet taken off, the pirates got up from their seats on flight 11 and stabbed 2 cabin crew and a passenger who wanted to stop them. They then entered the cockpit and took control of the aircraft.
08.20 – Boeing 757-type flight 77 with 58 passengers and 6 crew members took off from Washington Dulles Airport bound for LA. Among the passengers were Hani Hanjour, a 29-year-old Saudi citizen, leader of the pirate squad, and Nawaf al Hazmi, Khalid al Mihdhar, Majed Moqed, Salem al Hazmi.
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08.26 – Flight 11 deviated abruptly and headed for New York. Boston’s air traffic control tower warned the other towers that the plane had been hijacked.
08.42 – Boeing 757 flight 93 with 37 passengers and 7 crew members took off from Newark Airport for San Francisco. The leader of the pirate team, Ziad Jarrah (26) from Lebanon and Ahmed al Nami, Ahmed al Haznawi, Saeed al Ghamdi were on the plane.
08.42 – As the last plane took off, the hijackers on Flight 175 stabbed the two pilots to death and took control of the plane.
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HE HAD THE NORTH TOWER
08.46 – Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center between floors 93 and 99. There were approximately 18,000 people inside the building at that time, including 1,300 on the floors where the plane crashed.
08.51 – Unlike the others, Flight 77 was captured without a fight between the crew and the pirates.
09.03 – Flight 175 crashed into the south tower of the World Trade Center between floors 77 and 85. The loss of life was less since this building was partially evacuated after the collision on the north tower, but 600 people are still deceased, except those on the ground and the firefighters.
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09.03 – Meeting with children at a Florida elementary school at the same time, US President Bush was told “America is under attack.” Despite this warning, Bush continued to read to children for a while, then argued that he did so because he “doesn’t want to worry anyone.” After about 10 minutes, the president went to an empty classroom in the school with members of the Secret Service and observed the developments for a while.
Then-US President George W. Bush learned that the second plane crashed into the World Trade Center from the White House Secretary General during a reading seminar he attended at the Emma E. Booker Elementary School in Florida.
09.28 – The terrorists of Flight 93 moved to seize the plane, but it was not so easy as the air traffic controllers warned the pilots of what was happening in New York. The sounds of the struggle were reflected in the recordings. A passenger called his wife from the cabin and reported the situation to her. 7 minutes later, the plane was heading for the capital.
09.37 – Flight 77 crashed in the west wing of the Pentagon. In addition to those on the plane, 125 people have died in the Pentagon. At the same time, Vice President Dick Cheney descended into the bunker under the White House and followed the process from here.
One of the consequences of the terrorist attacks of September 11 was the invasion of Iraq. Then-US President George W. Bush delivered a “victory” speech over the US aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln on May 1, 2003.
HAVA SAHASI KAPATILDI
9:45 am – US airspace is closed to all flights. All civilian planes have been ordered to land at the nearest airport.
09.57 – Some passengers, who managed to contact their families on Flight 93 and were made aware of what happened, attacked the terrorists in order to regain control. After the clashes, the terrorists threatened to shoot down the plane.
THE SOUTH TOWER collapsed
09.58 – 56 minutes after the collision, the south tower of the World Trade Center collapsed.
10.02 – Large skyscrapers in Chicago and New York have been evacuated against possible new attacks.
10.03 – Flight 93 crashed in open ground in Pennsylvania.
THE NORTH TOWER has collapsed
10.28 – An hour and 42 minutes after the collision, the north tower of the World Trade Center also collapsed. As a result, the surrounding buildings were largely destroyed.
10.53 – The threat level for the United States has changed to DEFCON3. DEFCON1 is nuclear war.
11.00 – Canada, neighbor to the north of the United States, has stopped all flights. It allowed the remaining American planes to land on their own runways.
NO AIRCRAFT LEFT IN THE AIR
12.15 – Not a single civilian aircraft remained in US airspace.
5:20 p.m. – Another 47-story building in the World Trade Center complex collapsed.
Then-US President Barack Obama and his close team witnessed “Operation Neptune Spear,” in which Osama bin Laden, the head of the al-Qaeda terrorist organization, was since killed. the Situation Room of the White House.
THOUSAND LADINS KILLED AFTER 10 YEARS
September 14, 2001 – Congress passed the bill authorizing military action against terrorists.
September 15/16, 2001 – Bush met with his senior officials at Camp David and discussed steps to take against al Qaeda. This weekend, Bush first used the term “war on terror”.
October 7, 2001 – The United States and Britain bombed targets in Afghanistan from the air. The Taliban were targeted as bin Laden fled.
October 20, 2001 – In a video circulating among al-Qaeda supporters, Bin Laden, referring to the attacks, said: “If revenge for killing our people is terrorism, let history testify that we are terrorists … Bush and Blair … they don’t. understand a language other than force. “Every time they kill us, we kill them too,” he said.
US President Joe Biden had hoped that the Kabul administration could remain in power after all foreign troops withdrew from Afghanistan on August 31. On August 15, the Taliban seized Kabul. This is how Biden observed the development.
October 30, 2004 – Osama bin Laden admitted he was directly behind the 9/11 attacks in an audio recording posted on Al Jazeera.
May 2, 2011 – The US Navy attacked Bin Laden’s hideout in Abbottabad, Pakistan. While he and 4 people with him were killed, his body was thrown into the sea.