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The United States invaded Afghanistan on October 7, 2001 with “Operation Enduring Freedom” as part of the “World War on Terror”. This operation, which continued with active military operations against the Taliban and al-Qaeda, ended on December 28, 2014. It gave way to Operation Watch for the Freedom Operation. This operation, which provided for the support of the Kabul administration against the Taliban and al-Qaeda, ended in failure with the withdrawal of the United States and its allies on August 31, 2021.
“THE LONGEST WAR”
The 20th anniversary of the terrorist attacks coincided with the chaotic withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan. US President Joe Biden, in response to the human tragedy during the withdrawal from Afghanistan, said: “He could not do better than that”. The US invasion of Afghanistan, called “America’s longest war,” did not end in victory.
WOMEN’S RIGHTS HAVE BEEN SERIOUSLY BROKEN
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The center of the evacuations was the Kabul airport. Images of Afghans wanting to flee the country by falling clinging to American planes have become a symbol of the tragedy and failure of American strategy in Afghanistan. The latest victims of September 11 were 13 US soldiers and around 170 Afghan citizens who died in the terrorist attack on Kabul airport days before the withdrawal ended. Twenty years later, as the Taliban this time captured almost all of Afghanistan, the dramatic decline in democracy and human rights in the country, especially women’s rights, has raised concerns in the country. within the international community.
The Taliban, which came to power in Afghanistan with the promise of establishing an “inclusive government,” proved it was no different from the oppressive regime of 1996-2001. The new Sharia-based Taliban government has almost reviewed the social and political rights women have acquired in 20 years. Declaring that women cannot participate in politics, the new interim administration has even banned women from participating in sports competitions on the grounds that their faces and bodies would be seen.
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