In an academic article published by marine science experts in Italy in 2009, it was stated that marine mucilage, which has been frequently observed in the Adriatic Sea for the past 200 years, has started to be observed in the Tyrrhenian seas. , Aegean and Marmara over time. . It turns out that marine mucilage is associated with the warming of the sea surface, and the number of mucilage outbreaks increased exponentially between 1980 and 2010, with a life expectancy of up to 2 to 3 months.
In an academic article written by Robert Danovaro and Antonio Pusceddu from the Institute of Marine Sciences at the Polytechnic University of Marche and Serena Fonda Umani from the Faculty of Life Sciences at the University of Trieste, how often does marine mucilage has it been observed in which seas over the past 200 years, how and why emerged, examined.
It has been found that marine mucilage, which has been linked to climate change and the warming of the water surface, contains a particular microbial biodiversity and harbors pathogenic species that are not found in water. surrounding sea. In contrast, the number of mucilage outbreaks increased exponentially between 1980 and 2010, with a life expectancy of up to 2 to 3 months.
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HOW DOES THE MUSILING OF THE SEA MAKE?
In the article, experts associate marine mucilage with the warming of the sea surface and the formation of sea snow in this context. Sea snow, which is said to be a snow-like substance formed on the ocean floor, containing the remains of dead animals and marine plants, but also contains inorganic materials such as sand, turns into marine mucilage.
Noting that the incidence of this marine phenomenon has increased over the past 30 years, the article notes: “Worldwide, the extremely fertile and shallow Adriatic Sea (and especially its northern part) in the Mediterranean basin is the area severely affected by large marine mucilages. . Mucilage was first discovered here in 1729. was reported and was originally described as a “dirty sea phenomenon” because it causes clogging of fishing nets. Since then, the presence of mucilage has been reported at different times, but the frequency of this phenomenon has increased considerably over the past 30 years. Marine mucilages floating on the surface or in the water column have a long lifespan. without oxygen. As a result, the drowning of benthic (bottom) organisms causes severe economic damage to tourism and fishing.
FIRST SEEN IN THE ADRIAATIC SEA, THEN IN AGEAN, TYRINE AND MARMARA
The article, which also analyzes historical reports, shows that the frequency of mucilage has increased almost exponentially over the past 30 years in the Mediterranean. Before 1920, mucilage events were reported only in the Adriatic Sea, while after 1980 mucilage events were also reported in the Aegean and Tyrrhenian Seas. The region with the most mucilage outbreaks over the past 30 years was the Adriatic Sea, followed by the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Aegean Sea.
Finally, in the article, it was stated that there was a link between climate change and the formation of marine mucilage, and it was stated that there were serious bacteria and viruses in the marine mucilage. “Analysis of temperature changes over the past 60 years has shown a significant relationship between mucilage formation and climate change. On the other hand, microscopic analyzes of marine mucilage samples have revealed the presence of huge Bacterial and viral abundances. Bacterial and viral abundances in the mucilage are significantly higher than the surrounding seawater, “the article states. was substantially higher.”