“Taiwan” crisis between China and Japan

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China reportedly reacted to Japan after Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga described Taiwan as a “country” in a speech.

According to information from the Hindustan Times, Prime Minister Suga, speaking in front of the Japanese Parliament (Diet), described Taiwan as a “country” while referring to the new type of coronavirus (Kovid-19) of the measures implemented in other countries.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said Suga’s statements violated four diplomatic agreements, including the joint declaration signed in 1972 between China and Japan.

Urging Japan to make a clear statement on Suga’s statements, Wang asked not to repeat a similar incident.

Expressing that they urge Japan to act on its promises, Wang warned that care should be taken in words and behavior that undermine China’s sovereignty.

On the other hand, Taiwanese leader Tsai Ing-wen thanked Japan for the “timely support” and called the Tokyo government a “partner who insists on the same values ​​of freedom and democracy”.

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Since 1972, when diplomatic relations with Taiwan were severed, Japanese governments have defined Taiwan as “territory”.
In the joint statement made at the end of the summit held in April with the participation of US President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Suga, “the importance of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait” was underlined.

CHINA-TAIWAN DISPUTE

In the civil war that erupted after World War II in China, when the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) led by Mao Zedong seized power in 1949 and declared the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, members of the Nationalist Party Chinese (Kuomintag) led by Chiang Kai-shek, settled in Taiwan and declared its independence, claiming that the power of the “Republic of China” established in 1912 continued on the island.

Although this initiative was not accepted by China, Taiwan’s representatives represented China in the United Nations (UN) General Assembly until 1971. In the 1950s and 1960s, after many countries changed their preferences for diplomatic relations from the Republic of China to the People’s Republic of China, in the vote of the United Nations General Assembly in 1971, the Beijing government was accepted as the sole legitimate representative of China , and the government of Taiwan participation in international organizations, its position had become uncertain.

The Beijing administration, adopting the principle of “one China”, asserts that it alone represents China in the international community, and opposes the establishment of independent diplomatic relations with the countries of the world and its representation at the UN and other international organizations.

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