The world is heating up faster than expected … this is just the beginning

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The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has released its 2021 report on climate change. The report, supported by 195 governments, emphasizes that humanity is undoubtedly at the root of global warming and is constantly worsening the state of the planet.

WE KNOW THE DROUGHT

In the report, which drew attention to the fact that most of the planet is exposed to extreme heat, it was pointed out that it was “very clear” that this was due to human influence. The report also explained that the Mediterranean, South Australia and the western coasts of North America are facing droughts, and it was stated that even with the best estimates in line with current climate policies and national declarations of contribution, global warming will reach + 2.7 °. C by 2100. The last time a + 2.5 ° C increase in Earth’s surface temperature occurred in 3 million years. In light of this, the rate of warming facing the planet is of unprecedented magnitude.

BUS BROKEN BRAKE

Professor at the Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University. Dr. Doğanay Tolunay also said that the fires suffered this year are an indicator of what will happen in the future. teacher. Dr. Doğanay Tolunay said, “Even though he doesn’t say it explicitly, he is actually saying that we are heading towards the abyss at full speed in a bus with a broken brake. Like Turkey, we are also on this bus. The floods, droughts and wildfires we have seen this year alone are indicators of what could happen in the future. “

The world is heating up faster than expected ... this is just the beginning

TARGET FAILURE

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Global temperatures will rise 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2030, ten years earlier than expected, according to the IPCC report. This means that there will be a significant increase in extreme weather events in 20-30 years.

Since the 19th century, temperatures have risen by 1.1 degrees, due to the use of coal and petroleum products.

Today, calculations show that no matter how drastic the emission reductions are, a 1.5 degree increase will be achieved over the next 20 years.

The more the threshold of 1.5 ° C is exceeded, the more the risks are unpredictable and serious. In order to limit the increase to 1.5 degrees, countries must cut their emissions in half by 2030.

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WHAT WILL BE THE EFFECTS

According to experts, floods, which were once a century in the past, will now be much more frequent in seaside countries.

Nearly a billion people will be threatened by heatwaves, hundreds of thousands of people will be affected by extreme drought. Some animal and plant species will disappear.

The global sea level rise resulting from the loss of the Earth’s ice sheet will reach 2 meters by the end of this century.

90% OF PEOPLE ARE RESPONSIBLE

Over the past decade, Arctic sea ice has fallen to its lowest level since 1850. According to the report, 90 percent of people are responsible for melting Arctic glaciers.

The release of frozen carbon into the atmosphere as a result of the thaw will have irreversible effects, as glaciers in mountains and polar regions will continue to melt for decades, if not centuries at best.

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Immediate action must be taken

The IPCC report caused a stir ahead of intergovernmental climate talks in Scotland in November. As the new administration called for action on the United States, which came back from the Paris Agreement by revoking its emissions restriction commitments during the time of former President Donald Trump, a similar statement came. from the EU, another major producer of emissions.

The world is heating up faster than expected ... this is just the beginning

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken: The report reminds us that science must move us. Global leaders, the private sector and individuals must act urgently and do whatever is necessary to protect our future.

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Frans Timmermans, Vice-President of the European Commission: If we act now and together, it is not too late to prevent climate change from spiraling out of control.

Michael E. Mann, lead author of the 2001 IPCC report: We have zero years to avoid dangerous climate change because it is here now.

The world is heating up faster than expected ... this is just the beginning

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres: There are no surprises in the report. This confirms previous research that we are in an emergency situation. It is up to us to be courageous and to make decisions. If we don’t do it like now, if we treat the crisis like a crisis, we can avoid the worst consequences.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson: We know what to do to prevent global warming. Bury coal in history and turn to clean energy, protect nature and provide climate finance to frontline countries.

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THE ONLY REMEDY IS TO QUICKLY REDUCE EMISSIONS

While the main cause of global warming is considered to be emissions caused by human activities, even if the most ambitious emission reduction scenarios are implemented, the risk of a global temperature increase of more than 1, 5 degree in the next 20 years increases.

Countries must cut their emissions in half by 2030 to limit temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The intensity of carbon emissions into the atmosphere reached its highest level in 2 million years in 2019. The concentrations of the main greenhouse gases, methane and nitrous oxide, reached their highest level for 800,000 years in 2019.

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