The Tsimane (Çimane) tribe of around 16,000 people living on the banks of the Maniqui River in the Bolivian Amazon has been named the community with the healthiest heart in the world, after a 2017 study by American scientists.
Experts from the University of New Mexico who conducted the study reported that Gypsies had better cardiovascular health than measured in any other population. Scientists found that nearly nine in ten participants had clear blood vessels that did not pose a risk for heart disease.
Another interesting feature of this tribe has been discovered by a new study. After studies, it was revealed that Gypsies, who, unlike other Amazonian tribes, are isolated from modern society, experience less brain atrophy (loss and shrinkage of brain cells) as they age than their American and European peers.
Research suggests that sedentary lifestyles and diets high in fat and sugar may make people in industrialized countries more vulnerable to Alzheimer’s disease. In contrast, members of the tribe are highly mobile, traditionally fish themselves, and consume high-fiber vegetables, fish, and lean meats.
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MORE THAN 700 PEOPLE WORKED
In the study, which involved more than 700 tribal members between the ages of 40 and 94, scientists found that the difference in brain volume between middle age and old age was 70% lower in Gypsies than in populations Western. In other words, the Tsimane brain experiences much less cerebral atrophy as they age than Westerners.
“The Tsimane tribe has given us an amazing natural experience on the potentially harmful effects of modern lifestyles on our health,” says Andrei Irimia, co-author of the study’s conclusion. “These results show that brain atrophy can also be significantly slowed down by lifestyle factors that reduce the risk of heart disease.” ”
Professor Hillard Kaplan of Chapman University comments: “Our sedentary lifestyle and our diet high in sugar and fat can accelerate the loss of brain tissue with age and make us more vulnerable to diseases such as disease. Alzheimer’s. “The Gypsies can be an important example of healthy brain aging,” says Kaplan, who has studied this Amazonian tribe for almost 20 years.
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Almost two-thirds of the tribe’s people over the age of 75 were safe, and only 8% were at moderate to high risk. “This study shows that Gypsies stand out not only in terms of heart health, but also in terms of brain health,” says Kaplan.
ONE OF THE LAST tribes driven out
Made up of 80 small villages spread across the rainforest, the tribe is known as one of the last groups in the world to survive solely on hunting and gathering. Members of the tribe fish with bows and arrows and poison ivy, and on land they hunt with machetes.
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Over 70 percent of a tsimane’s diet consists of high-fiber carbohydrates, including rice, bananas, cassava, corn, nuts, and fruits. Apart from this, fish and lean meat are also widely consumed in the tribe.
Some studies indicate that, depending on their eating habits, the breast milk of Tsimane women is richer in omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for brain development, than the milk produced by Western women. The average Tsimane family has nine children, but around 5 percent of them die soon after birth and 15 percent die before the age of five.
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The Tsiname tribe adopts the belief of animism, which holds that all plants and animals, stones, soil and creatures in the universe, even the sky, even natural events such as rain, hail and lightning, have a spirit.
A small number of Tsimane living around the town of San Borja use cell phones. Members of the tribes living higher up the Maniqui River, however, lead much more traditional lives.
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So what do experts say about the research and interesting results about this tribe that lived naturally enough to qualify as primitive?
THE TSIMANE TRIBE IS NOT EXPOSED TO THESE THREE FACTORS …
Neurologist Dr. Mehmet Yavuz, says that there are three main factors that threaten the health of the brain and body of modern societies, none of these factors are exposed to people living in natural environments and eating natural foods, like the Tsiman tribe.
Yavuz mentions that one of these negative conditions is electromagnetic pollution.Currently, our atmosphere is severely polluted by radio and TV waves, cell phone frequencies, radio frequencies, power lines, base stations, wireless environments and electronic devices. Electromagnetic pollution particularly seriously affects our brain. The avalanche of diseases like Alzheimer’s disease and panic attacks, which will not be seen in 30-40 years, is an indicator of this. This is why shoppers in high traffic electronic environments such as shopping malls feel very tired after a short time.“said.
Dr. Mehmet Yavuz, “The second factor is plastic containers. Plastic containers are now present in all areas of our life. When hot food is placed in plastic containers, certain toxic substances are transferred to the food under the effect of heat. It negatively affects the health of the brain and the body.” he uses.
Stressing that the third factor is pesticides, and that the fruits and vegetables that arrive on our tables today go through many stages of spraying. Yavuz said,In order to get more product, growers start spraying fruits and vegetables when they are in bloom, and they go through at least three spraying stages until the product is harvested. As a result, since the drugs used to destroy the insects that enter the products are somehow toxic, it is quite possible that it can also affect the essence of the fruit or vegetable.“said.
Yavuz relates all of this to the Tsiman tribe as follows:Therefore, the natural foods that are consumed play a role in the background of those who live in natural environments and eat natural foods to lead healthier lives. But I attribute it mostly to the fact that they are far from technological opportunities, which are now a necessity of modern societies, which add comfort and convenience to our lives, but also have many drawbacks …“
THEY LIVE ACCORDING TO INTERNATIONAL TREATMENT GUIDELINES
Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Heart Institute Prof. Dr. Ahmet Yildiz On the other hand, he says that deaths from cardiovascular diseases are in the first place with a rate of 39 to 47% in the USA, Europe and our country. Yıldız lists the recommendations of the European Society of Cardiology of the cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines for a healthy lifestyle in 2017 as follows:
Diet is the most important part of the lifestyle change. It is recommended to consume whole grain products, legumes (such as lentils, beans, broad beans, peas, chickpeas), raw and cooked vegetables, fresh fruits, fish, poultry and use of unsaturated fats.
Among the foods rich in carbohydrates, it is recommended to choose those with a low glycemic index and high in fiber. Another important point is physical activity. Current treatment guidelines call for at least 2.5 hours of moderate-intensity physical activity per week (at least 30 minutes 5 days per week) or 75 minutes per week (15 minutes 5 days per week) of vigorous physical activity.
Studies have shown that physical activity and moderate-heavy exercise facilitate weight loss; There is enough data to show that diseases such as obesity, hypertension and diabetes are prevented. At the same time, you should not be exposed to tobacco in any way.
teacher. Dr. Ahmet Yıldız says that the lifestyle and eating habits of the Tsimane tribe, which were highlighted in the study conducted by the University of New Mexico in 2017, are very similar to the recommendations of the mentioned international treatment guidelines. above.
Star, “In this study, it was determined that the number of people over 40 in the Tsimane tribe with a low risk of cardiovascular disease was around 90 percent, while only 8 percent of people over 75 were at medium to high risk. level.He says and adds:
“However, we know that the number of patients at low risk of cardiovascular disease in Europe is 19.1%. The study also appears to have lower blood pressure values associated with the tribe being extremely active, traditionally hunting and foraging for its own food and consuming vegetables, fish, and lean meats high in fiber.. “