SpaceX, which performs space transportation on behalf of NASA, launched its rocket carrying cargo to the International Space Station (ISS). The 3,300-pound shipment sent to the ISS includes 20,000 tardigrades known as water bears, 128 short-tailed squids, as well as chilli and cotton plants for use in the experiments.
It has been announced that the cargo mission carried out by Space X with the Falcon 9 rocket is the 17th space transport mission for Elon Musk’s company this year. In addition to replenishing the food supply to the ISS, the cargo mission transported 20,000 tardigrades called water bears, 128 short-tailed squids, as well as chilli and cotton plants into space. As a result of experiments with these materials, scientists plan to obtain results that will help astronauts stay healthy during long-term space travel.
The Falcon 9 rocket was launched from the Cape Canaveral space station in Florida. A cargo of 3,300 kilograms, including fresh lemons, onions, avocados and cherry tomatoes, destined for the station’s seven astronauts, will arrive at the ISS next Saturday.
TRY IT, IT SHOULD PUT THE LIGHT ON THE SPACE ACCOMMODATION
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It has been stated that 20,000 tardigrades intended for use in experiments to be performed on the ISS have been frozen and brought back to life by thawing on the space station. As a result of this experiment, scientists; By identifying the genes behind animals’ adaptability, she hopes to better understand the stresses in the human body during long stays in space.
The cotton seedlings will be used in experiments that attempt to identify the environmental factors and genes that control root growth in microgravity, such as in space. What will be learned from these experiences is seen as “a start to developing cotton varieties that require less water and pesticide use”.
It is also hoped that the commercial portable Butterfly IQ Ultrasound will provide essential medical assistance to crews on long-duration space flights where emergency medical assistance from Earth is not an option.
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WHY IS THE “LATE” LIFE SENT TO SPACE IMPORTANT?
The tardigrade, called the heir to the world, is a microscopic eight-legged creature. It can live both in water and on land. It can also withstand very high and low pressures. It has been established that tardigrades, which can survive 30 years without food, can also withstand freezing cold (down to minus 270 degrees), scorching heat (up to over 150 degrees), and high radiation. It has been determined that the amount of radiation these tiny creatures can withstand is 5,000-6,200 gy doses. (This is the same dose used in some chemotherapy treatments). Although they are less than a millimeter, water bears are considered the most resilient creature in the world.
Scientists at the University of Oxford in England have reported that water bears can withstand all kinds of disasters such as meteor strikes, supernova (exploding stars) or gamma-ray bursts and can exist for up to minus 10 billion years. For this reason, it is assumed that these creatures transported into space will be of utmost importance to the future of humanity in space.