U.S. House of Representatives passes 2022 defense budget

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(AA) The defense budget bill submitted by the US Department of Defense (Pentagon) to Congress in May was passed in the General Assembly of the House of Representatives.

In the vote, 316 representatives voted “Yes”, while 113 representatives voted “No”.

While many additions have been made to the bill, it should be noted that the budget amount has been increased to $ 778 billion by adding approximately $ 25 billion to the budget requested by the Pentagon.

MANY REPORTS REQUESTED

With the withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan, the Ministry of Defense and Foreign Affairs was invited to submit periodic reports on the project, the fight against terrorism and the general security situation in that country.

At the same time, it was requested to brief Congress on the equipment, weapons and vehicles left by the United States in Afghanistan during the withdrawal process.

On the other hand, he was asked to prepare a report on Iran’s relations with China, its activities in Iraq and its military capabilities and the terrorist groups it supports.

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In the bill, which requested reporting on China’s activities towards countries in the Pacific region, especially Taiwan, it was also requested to prepare a report on China’s activities in Latin America and the Caribbean. .

AID OF $ 177 MILLION TO GROUPS IN SYRIA, INCLUDING YPG / PKK

While it can be seen that the $ 522 million requested for training and support costs for the fight against DAESH in Iraq and Syria were accepted in the same way, $ 345 million of this amount is planned for training and equipment in Iraq and $ 177 million in Syria, including the YPG / PKK terrorist organization.

SPECIAL ADD-ON FOR IRAQ

It has not gone unnoticed that the addition to the defense budget law, which was approved in 2015, was again made in support of Iraq.

In the bill, the US defense and state ministers failed to provide a comprehensive strategy for Iraq and a detailed training plan there, without engaging with the central Iraqi government and the government. Iraqi Kurdish Regional Council on Security Sector Reform, and without providing a report on the current situation and the capabilities of DAESH It has been requested that no more than 50 percent of the amount allocated to Iraq be donated without presenting it .

In addition, the project required a report on human rights violations committed by Iraqi security forces.

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For this bill to become law, the Senate must adopt its own version, and bills from both houses of Congress must be grouped together in the Conference Committee, consolidated into a single bill and presented to the President. for signature.

Since this bill is considered an authorization bill, both houses of Congress must pass an appropriation bill at the same time for the $ 778 billion in question to be returned to the Pentagon.

WHAT WAS THE PENTAGON’S BUDGET REQUEST?

In addition to supporting the federal government’s efforts on the new type of coronavirus outbreak (Kovid-19), one of the most striking issues in the budget request document was the military investment against China as ” imminent threat “.

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As part of the fight against China, $ 5.1 billion has been requested for the Pacific Deterrence Fund in the budget.

Emphasis has been placed on providing the power to respond to countries likely to pose high-tech threats such as Russia, North Korea and Iran, tackling global climate change and modernizing defense capabilities .

The most significant change to the Biden-era defense budget was the inclusion of the Overseas Possible Operations Fund, known as the War Fund, made in 2012 by former President Barack Obama, who was its vice president, in the core budget.

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The inclusion of the war fund, of which over $ 60 billion had been allocated in previous years, in the core budget made this fund non-temporary.

Another notable item in the budget is the railway equipment program launched in Iraq and Syria as part of the fight against DAESH.

The Pentagon had requested a total of $ 522 million for this program, of which $ 345 million went to the Iraqi security forces and $ 177 million to the YPG / PKK terrorist organization.

In addition, under the name of border security support for Syria and neighboring countries, a fund of $ 370 million has been allocated, of which $ 150 million will be provided to Jordan and $ 220 million will be provided to other countries.

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