UK G7 summit begins

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The G7 Summit, held for the 47th time this year, will be held in Carbis Bay in Cornwall from June 11-13. The G7 summit, which will be held with the participation of a small number of members of the press due to the epidemic, is taking place under high security measures.

Created in 1975, the G7 meets annually under the leadership of a country to assess the economic agenda, create common policies and increase cooperation. Important topics such as the ongoing epidemic, global geopolitical risks and climate change are expected to be discussed at the summit.

The summit will be chaired by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, US President Joe Biden , European Union (EU) Commission President Ursula Von der Leyen and European Council President Charles Michel attend.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, South Korean President Moon Jae-in, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi were also invited to the summit this year as guest country leaders. Indian Prime Minister Modi is expected to attend the summit via video conference on Saturday, June 12, due to the recent increase in Kovid-19 cases in his country.

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US President Joe Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga are attending the G7 summit for the first time this year, and for the last time before German Chancellor Angela Merkel leaves her post. Biden will be received by Queen Elizabeth II with his wife at Windsor Castle on Sunday, June 13.

The visit is significant because it is President Biden’s first official overseas trip since taking office at the White House. Biden will become the 13th President of the United States, whom Queen Elizabeth, 95, will meet.

At the summit, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is expected to call on G7 leaders to cooperate in order to end as soon as possible the Kovid-19 epidemic which has affected the world.

In an earlier statement by the UK government, it was noted that Johnson would remind G7 leaders that “to eradicate the epidemic, people around the world must be vaccinated by the end of next year.”

EPIDEMIC AND CLIMATE AGENDA

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At the summit, important topics such as tackling the epidemic that has rocked the global economy, global geopolitical risks and climate change will be discussed.

Following the leaders’ talks, a final declaration is expected to be released on the final day of the summit, which includes targets and messages, particularly on climate change and reducing carbon emissions.

England plans to send a message of global cooperation for greener solutions at the summit held in Cornwall, known for its coastline, slopes and natural texture.

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The UK, which recently wants to lead the global fight against climate change, intends to send a message of cooperation for more environmentally friendly solutions to the world by hosting the Cornish summit, where the world’s first geothermal installation is located. country.

At the summit, the fight against climate change should be high on the agenda. British Prime Minister Johnson, who previously announced a target to cut UK carbon emissions by 78% by 2035, is expected to urge other leaders to take similar action at the summit.

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The summit’s agenda is also expected to include topics such as supporting free and fair trade and increasing cybersecurity.

Following their meeting in London on May 6, 2021, the G7 foreign ministers issued a 27-page statement on various topics, including Russia, China, Iran, Libya and Syria.

“We are deeply concerned about the continued destabilizing and irresponsible activities of Russia. This includes military activities on the Ukrainian border and the illegal annexation of Crimea, acts that undermine democratic systems in other countries and cyber attacks malicious, “the statement read. expressions were used.

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As a major power and economy with advanced technological capabilities, China is invited to participate constructively in the rules-based international system, the statement said.

In the statement, it was stated that the 5th Brussels Conference entitled “Supporting the future of Syria and the region” was welcomed because it supported the Syrian people and the political solution of the ongoing conflict in Syria, and that it was necessary to pave the way for free and fair elections under the supervision of the United Nations by ensuring the participation of all Syrians, including members of the diaspora.

“GLOBAL IMPT” INITIATIVE

The finance ministers of the G7 countries took a step, which in principle could be considered historic, on the taxation of international companies on June 5, 2021, at the end of the 2-day meeting.

In the decision statement announced by the UK government after the meeting, it was stated that the G7 countries had agreed in principle to subject multinational companies to at least 15% globally in each country where they operate.

UK Finance Minister Rishi Sunak said: “This is truly a historic deal. I am proud that the G7 is showing collective leadership at this critical time in our global economic recovery. had used the words.

On the other hand, it was claimed in the British press that before the G7 summit, the British Minister of Finance Rishi Sunak wanted to keep the financial institutions resident in the historic financial center of London exempt from this regulation and in a privileged position. .

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