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United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food Prof. Dr. Hilal Elver said global climate change, economic depressions, political instability, epidemics and conflict have delayed the expected global food crisis, adding that 821 million people have difficulty feeding themselves and 35 million people are starving or are about to die.
teacher. Dr. Elver spoke to the Anadolu Agency (AA) about the food crisis, starvation deaths, mass migration, purchase of fertile farmland by Western countries, urgent action plans to be developed against famine, new agricultural production policies and the risks that await Turkey.
Elver said wildfires and flooding, which have been happening for thousands of years, have become more destructive with the climate change experienced over the past 10 years and stressed that this will be one of the most significant factors. important factors that will trigger the food crisis in the years to come.
Noting that the food crisis, which is highlighted in reports released by institutions such as the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), is now alarming, Elver said which countries and how many people around the world will be affected by this situation and possible scenarios have started to be discussed.
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Pointing out that estimates of the number of people who cannot access food or are insecure around the world have risen from 700 million to 821 million, Elver said: “Although very serious measures have been taken. taken, these figures have not decreased, on the contrary. , they have gradually increased over the past 5 years. It is an alarm for the world. Unfortunately, the problem of world hunger cannot be stopped and the problem is getting worse.
Expressing that the climate crisis, conflicts, wars, increasing and decreasing economic conditions, price fluctuations in money markets are the most important reasons that trigger the food crisis, Elver said that the new type of epidemic of coronavirus (Kovid-19) which started at the end of 2019 is among those factors as an important factor. noted that it was located.
Noting that such global epidemics will continue for years to come, Elver said:
“While we could explain the food crisis for one or two reasons before, we can experience them all together today. There are very severe storms in Mississippi and Indiana, the southern states of America where the epidemic crisis is the most intense. We experienced a similar situation in Turkey. Muğla and Antalya “While there were forest fires in Turkey, severe flooding occurred in the Black Sea region. In other words, a period waits for the whole world to face many disasters at once. “
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“98 MILLION PEOPLE LIVING IN AFRICA WITH AN ACUTE FOOD PROBLEM”
teacher. Dr. Elver stressed that the climate and food crisis is a global problem and can be solved by global policies.
Stating that while at least 155 million people in 55 countries / regions faced a food crisis in 2020, that number rose to 265 million due to the epidemic, Elver said, “35 million people in the world are starving or are on the verge of death “. used the expression.
Evaluating the numbers as a “disaster,” Elver shared the following information:
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“98 million people with acute food problems live in Africa. Apart from that, South Sudan, Yemen, Somalia, Afghanistan, Syria, Democratic Congo and Haiti are among the 10 countries most affected by last year’s food crisis. The situation in these countries is “The situation of 16 million children under 5 is very critical in the 55 countries or regions where it is most tangible. 16 million children will die and die. 150 million children around the world suffer from malnutrition. “
Elver said Afghanistan will be one of the countries where food problems or chronic hunger are felt most tangibly in the years to come, and warned that around 1 million Afghan children could die as a result of severe nutritional deficiency.
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Stating that millions of children could die in Afghanistan if institutions such as the global humanitarian aid organizations and the World Bank cut back on their aid, Elver said: “In the event of such a possibility, these institutions will have ignored the death of millions of children and committed a terrible crime against humanity. used the expression.
“COMPANIES AND RICH STATES TAKE A LARGE LAND IN AFRICA”
Elver said that in the possible food crisis big problems await the African continent and the fertile farmland of North Africa, which is in better condition than sub-Saharan Africa, has been taken from local people by countries rich.
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Claiming that North Africa feeds Europe, Elver continued:
“All agriculture in North Africa goes to Europe. During the epidemic, these countries were in a very difficult situation because they could not export to Europe. The economic crisis of 2007-2008 had turned into a food crisis and countries with insufficient natural resources. were able to find agricultural facilities in these African countries. They bought huge virgin lands. The lands of the indigenous peoples of Africa, Asia or South America have become the land of rich companies and rich countries. People work as laborers on their own land bought by the Germans. It is a serious humanitarian problem. Possible in Africa It was the worst case, and it happened.
“80 MILLION PEOPLE ON THE ROADS”
teacher. Dr. Elver pointed out that the climate crisis and a possible parallel food crisis would profoundly trigger a new wave of migration all over the world, and drew attention to the fact that 80 million people in the world are on the road.
Elver said: “There was a risk of an expected wave of immigration from African countries. There is currently a wave of immigration from Afghanistan. International law protects those fleeing wars and conflicts and accepts them as asylum seekers. But no country accepts people who have been displaced from their land by climate change. There is no country that protects them. The legal system does not yet exist. ” noted.
“TURKEY CAN RESPOND TO THE CLIMATE CRISIS WITH GOOD PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES”
Elver said that Turkey is very lucky in terms of biodiversity and climate, but as a Mediterranean country it is also exposed to serious risks and threats.
Noting that unlike many countries, Turkey is still self-sufficient in staple foods, Elver said: “If we switch to proper production techniques for wheat or staple foods, we can respond to a possible crisis. climate longer and more easily. and excessive consumption trigger climate change. We have to develop a production technique so that we can produce and not trigger climate change. made his assessment.
“EVEN IF WE HAVE THE MONEY, WE CANNOT PURCHASE PRODUCTS LIKE TEA, COFFEE AND FISH”
Regarding the theories that the food crisis will start soon and that it will be impossible to reach food even with money, Elver said, “I don’t think there will be such a terrible time when we don’t. we won’t be able to find bread. But we may not be able to reach products like coffee, tea, rice and fish which require certain climatic conditions even though we have the money. Because there will be limited production and very expensive products. he said.
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